Motion detectors, help cats to find their way around.
Indicators of cat’s mood, when relaxed the cat is not angry or frustrated.
Size of cats
Largest cat is tigers. Can weight up to 800 pounds.
The Ragdoll (cat breed) can weight up to 20 pounds, this is largest cat breed.
The Singapura weights about 5 pounds, this is smallest cat breed.
“Fingerprints” of cats.
The noses of domestic and wild felines are unique like fingerprints in human.
Cats have 230 bones
Human have 206 bones
On average, cats sleep 16 hours a day.
Senses of cats.
Kittens are born deaf. Their hearing develops in few weeks.
The cat is taking a picture with its nose. Even a newborn kitten, blind and deaf, is able to sniff the nipple it chose last time, or mother nest. The mucous membrane of cat’s nose contains more than 200 million sensitive cells. Cat has a special Jacobson’s organ in the roof of the mouth (It is a tube with opening behind the front teeth), which sends the scent information to the brain and trigger cat’s reaction. Cats speak with each other by leaving their scent marks and when they meet face by face. The facial expression to smell (mouth open, the nose wrinkled and lips drawn back) is called the Flehmen reaction. The sense of smell in cats about 30 times stronger than human sense.
A cat’s night vision is much better than a human’s night vision. But cat can not see in complete darkness. Cat needs only 1/6 of light we need to see. Why she is so good night hunter. Cats are not entirely color-blind, but their abilities to detect colors are very limited. Cat could not see directly under nose.
Cats use whiskers, paws, face and nose to touch and examine the objects around and each other. They use noses to test temperature of food and use the paw to touch a prey or unusual objects.
The cat’s tail is mood indicator. Unless cat is asleep, it tail is always moving. It bristle up and expand during a fight, twitch when cat is irritated or wave from side to side when cat is threatened or very angry. The tail is also organ of balance for cat.
Cat’s tongue is covered by numerous papillae with backward position. When cat is leaking hand it feels as the touch of sandpaper to skin. But cat’s tongue is perfect instrument for grooming and grasping food. Cat’s tongue has two rows of taste buds, that help cat not only recognize smallest changes in food’s flavor but also detect the shape of food piece.
A cat can give birth up to 100 kittens in lifetime. Litters may contain 1-8 kittens and may occur 2-3 times a year.