Cat (Felis catus, member of family Felidae) is small carnivore, very popular as a household pet.
The cat has retractile claws, keen hearing and smell; remarkable night vision; and a compact, muscular,and highly supple body.
The cat is more independent than the dog, possesses an excellent memory, and exhibits considerable aptitude for learning by observation and experience.
Affectionate but reserved, the cats homing instinct is proverbial, as its cleanliness.
The life span of the cat is about 15 years.
The gestation period is about 63 days.
The litter size averages from two to five offspring.
Kittens begin to be weaned about 8 weeks after birth.
Cat normal temperature is 38-39.5′C
Cat normal pulse rate is 130-140/min for young and 100-120/min for adult
Cat normal respiration is 20-30/min
Cat blood group: A-B (2)
Cat oestral cycle: 16 days interval, 5-6 days duration, ovulation induced 20-74 hours after coitus, seasonal.
The cat marks its territory and familiar objects by rubbing. The side of cat face contains a scent glands.
Cat can hear the high-frequency sounds /up to 60 000 hz/ that humans are deaf to. Humans hear from 20 to 20 000 hz.
Cats has an excellent night vision. Cats are highly perceptive of slightest movement. Cat also is “nailing” any sudden and fast movements.
Cats like soft, gentle touch or brush.
The cat has “language” of smell that human does not have. They leave odor messages to other animals and read smell letters left by others. Those communications is not yet understood. For example, a cat can “smell a fear” of owner and avoid him, that believed can be of owner lack of confidence.